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Lambda with high privileged policies

Security & Compliance
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Description

AWS Lambda is a serverless computing service that allows developers to run code without provisioning or managing servers. It provides a secure environment for running code by default, but if a Lambda function is granted high privileged policies, it could result in unauthorized access or malicious activities. High privileged policies can grant a Lambda function permissions to access sensitive resources, such as EC2 instances, S3 buckets, RDS databases, or even IAM roles. If a Lambda function with high privileged policies is compromised, an attacker could gain access to sensitive data or perform unauthorized actions within an AWS account. It is important to ensure that Lambda functions are granted the minimum necessary permissions required to perform their intended function, and to regularly review and audit the policies attached to them to prevent any unauthorized access or malicious activities. Organizations should also follow the principle of least privilege when granting IAM roles to Lambda functions, and ensure that they are regularly reviewed and audited to prevent any unauthorized access or malicious activities.‍

Remediation

If an organization identifies a Lambda function with high privileged policies, they can take the following remediation steps to ensure that it is secure and not posing a risk to the AWS environment:

  1. Review the Lambda Function: Review the Lambda function to identify the high privileged policies and determine whether they are necessary or can be removed.
  2. Remove Unnecessary Permissions: Remove any unnecessary permissions from the Lambda function to ensure that it is not granted access to sensitive resources that it does not require.
  3. Implement Least Privilege: Implement the principle of least privilege when granting IAM roles to the Lambda function. Only grant the minimum necessary permissions required for the Lambda function to perform its intended function.
  4. Regularly Audit and Review: Regularly audit and review the IAM roles and policies attached to the Lambda function to ensure that they are still necessary and that there are no high privileged policies.
  5. Monitor for Suspicious Activities: Implement monitoring and alerting for the Lambda function to detect any suspicious activities or unauthorized access attempts.
  6. Follow AWS Best Practices: Follow AWS best practices for securing Lambda functions, such as enabling VPC access, encrypting data in transit and at rest, and using AWS CloudTrail to log API calls.

By taking these remediation steps, organizations can help ensure that their Lambda functions are secure and not posing a risk to their AWS environment. It is important to regularly review and audit IAM roles and policies attached to Lambda functions to ensure that they are still necessary and that high privileged policies are removed to prevent unauthorized access or malicious activities.

Enforced Resources
Note: Remediation steps provided by Lightlytics are meant to be suggestions and guidelines only. It is crucial to thoroughly verify and test any remediation steps before applying them to production environments. Each organization's infrastructure and security needs may differ, and blindly applying suggested remediation steps without proper testing could potentially cause unforeseen issues or vulnerabilities. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that you validate and customize any remediation steps to meet your organization's specific requirements and ensure that they align with your security policies and best practices.