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Rules
Critical

Ensure default security groups are not in use by OpenSearch

Security & Compliance
Description

OpenSearch is an open-source search and analytics engine developed by Amazon Web Services (AWS) that allows users to perform real-time data analysis and search on large data sets. When you create an OpenSearch domain, AWS creates a set of default security groups that control the network traffic to and from your domain. These default security groups are intended to be used for testing and development purposes only.It is important to ensure that default security groups are not used by OpenSearch in a production environment because they may not be configured with the appropriate security rules and could lead to security vulnerabilities or unauthorized access to your domain. Therefore, it is recommended that you create and use custom security groups instead of default security groups for your OpenSearch domain.‍

Remediation

Here are the steps to remediate the issue of default security groups being used by OpenSearch:

  1. Identify OpenSearch domain: Identify the OpenSearch domain(s) in your AWS account that are using default security groups.
  2. Create new security groups: Create new security groups with appropriate rules for your production environment. For example, you might create a security group that only allows traffic from specific IP addresses or that allows traffic only on specific ports.
  3. Update OpenSearch domain security groups: Update the security groups associated with your OpenSearch domain to use the newly created security groups. You can do this by modifying the domain settings in the AWS Management Console or by using AWS CLI.
  4. Test and validate: Test your new security groups to ensure they are functioning as expected and that your OpenSearch domain is accessible only to authorized resources.
  5. Remove default security groups: Once you have updated the security groups for all of your OpenSearch domains, you should remove the default security groups that were created by AWS. This will help to ensure that the default security groups are not accidentally used in the future.

By following these remediation steps, you can help to ensure that default security groups are not used by OpenSearch in your production environment, which can help to prevent security vulnerabilities and unauthorized access to your OpenSearch domain.

Enforced Resources
Note: Remediation steps provided by Lightlytics are meant to be suggestions and guidelines only. It is crucial to thoroughly verify and test any remediation steps before applying them to production environments. Each organization's infrastructure and security needs may differ, and blindly applying suggested remediation steps without proper testing could potentially cause unforeseen issues or vulnerabilities. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that you validate and customize any remediation steps to meet your organization's specific requirements and ensure that they align with your security policies and best practices.